EUA / ISRAEL / PALESTINA

A questão que vinculou esse resumo estava errada pois os EUA reconhecem a OLP.

PS: OLP e AP não são a mesma coisa.

 

EUA – ISRAEL – PALESTINA

he Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) (Arabic: منظمة التحرير الفلسطينية‎; About this sound Munaẓẓamat al-Taḥrīr al-Filasṭīniyyat (help·info)) is a political and paramilitary organization founded in 1964.[1] It is recognized as the “sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people,” by over 100 states with which it holds diplomatic relations, and has enjoyed observer status at the United Nations since 1974.[2][3] The PLO was considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991. In 1993 PLO recognized Israel’s right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected “violence and terrorism”; in response Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people.[4]

The Palestinian National Authority (PNA) is an interim administrative body established in accordance with the Gaza-Jericho Agreement[3] after the Oslo Accords to assume the responsibilities of the Israeli military administration in populated Palestinian centers (Area A) in the West Bank and Gaza Strip until final status negotiations with Israel are concluded.[4][5] The administrative responsibilities accorded to the PNA are limited to civil matters and internal security and do not include external security or foreign affairs.[5] Palestinians in the diaspora and inside Israel do not vote in elections for the offices of the Palestinian National Authority.[6] The PNA should not be confused with the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) who continues to enjoy international recognition as the sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people, representing them at the United Nations under the name “Palestine”.[7][8]

The Oslo Accords were signed on 13 September 1993 between the Palestine Liberation Organization and Israel. The Gaza–Jericho Agreement was signed on 4 May 1994 and detailed the creation of the Palestinian Authority. This was an interim organization created to administer a limited form of Palestinian self-governance in the Palestinian territories for a period of five years during which final-status negotiations would take place.

Yasser Arafat was appointed head of the Palestinian Authority and a timetable for elections was laid out which saw Arafat elected president in January 1996, 18 months behind schedule. Although the PLO and the PA are not formally linked, the PLO dominates the administration. The headquarters of the PLO were moved to Ramallah on the West Bank.

The PLO Mission office, in Washington D.C was opened in 1994, and represented the PLO in the United States. On July 20, 2010, the United States Department of State agreed to upgrade the status of the PLO Mission in the United States to “General Delegation of the PLO”

Bilateral relations ISRAEL-USA have evolved from an initial US policy of sympathy and support for the creation of a Jewish homeland in 1948 to an unusual partnership that links a small but militarily powerful Israel, dependent on the United States for its economic and military strength, with the US superpower trying to balance competing interests in the region.

Throughout the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, the Departments of War and State recognized the possibility of a Soviet-Arab connection and the potential Arab restriction on Oil supplies to the US, and advised against U.S. intervention on behalf of the Jews.

United States security assistance to the Palestinian Authority (PA) has been provided since the PA was established by the Oslo Accords in the mid-1990s.

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